Paper: 2019 Infrared nano-spectroscopy of ferroelastic domain walls in hybrid improper ferroelectric Ca3Ti2O7

Infrared nano-spectroscopy of ferroelastic domain walls in hybrid improper ferroelectric Ca3Ti2O7

Reviews and Highlights Quantum Science Molecular and Soft-matter Ultrafast Nano-optics and Nanophotonics Mineralogy and Geochemistry

Kevin A. Smith, Elizabeth A. Nowadnick, Shiyu Fan, Omar Khatib, Seong-Joon. Lim, B. Gao, Nathan C. Harms, Sabine N. Neal, Justin K. Kirkland, Michael C. Martin, Choongjae Won, Markus B. Raschke, Sang-Wook Cheong, Craig J. Fennie, G. Lawrence Carr, Hans A. Bechtel, Janice L. Musfeldt
Nature communications 10 (1), 1-9 (2019)
DOI PDF

Ferroic materials are well known to exhibit heterogeneity in the form of domain walls. Understanding the properties of these boundaries is crucial for controlling functionality with external stimuli and for realizing their potential for ultra-low power memory and logic devices as well as novel computing architectures. In this work, we employ synchrotron-based nearfield infrared nano-spectroscopy to reveal the vibrational properties of ferroelastic (90° ferroelectric) domain walls in the hybrid improper ferroelectric Ca3Ti2O7. By locally mapping the Ti-O stretching and Ti-O-Ti bending modes, we reveal how structural order parameters rotate across a wall. Thus, we link observed near-field amplitude changes to underlying structural modulations and test ferroelectric switching models against real space measurements of local structure. This initiative opens the door to broadband infrared nanoimaging of heterogeneity in ferroics.