Polarization control with plasmonic antenna-tips: A universal approach for optical nano-crystallography and vector-field imaging
By: Kyoung-Duck Park and Markus B. Raschke
Nano Letters 18, 2912 (2018)
Controlling the propagation and polarization vectors in linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy enables us to probe the anisotropy of optical responses providing structural symmetry selective contrast in optical imaging. Here, we present a novel tilted antenna-tip approach to control the optical vector-field by breaking the axial symmetry of the nanoprobe in tip-enhanced near-field microscopy. This gives rise to a localized plasmonic antenna effect with significantly enhanced optical field vectors with control of both in-plane and out-of-plane components. We use the resulting vector-field specificity in the symmetry selective nonlinear optical response of second-harmonic generation (SHG) for a generalized approach to optical nanocrystallography and imaging. In tip-enhanced SHG imaging of monolayer MoS2 films and single-crystalline ferroelectric YMnO3, we reveal nanocrystallographic details of domain boundaries and domain topology with enhanced sensitivity and nanoscale spatial resolution. The approach is applicable to any anisotropic linear and nonlinear optical response and enables the optical nanocrystallographic imaging of molecular or quantum materials.